No Canadian 10 cents were struck from 1859 to 1869. When they resume in 1870 the young head type of the 1858 issue was used and continues though out the Victorian issues on both 5 and 10 cents, which a crowned head design was adopted for the 1, 25 and 50 cents.
No Canadian 10 cents were struck in 1895.
No Canadian 10 cents were struck in 1897.
1902 10 cent
1902 H 10 cent
1903 10 cent
1903 H 10 cent
1904 10 cent
1905 10 cent
1906 10 cent
1907 10 cent
The Royal Canadian Mint opened in Ottawa in 1908, after which nearly all Canadian coins were minted in Canada. While the designs remained the same, the die axis for was changed from "coinage" to "medal", except for the 1 cent coins which had always been made at medal axis. Coinage die axis means that if you place your fingers above and below the portrait then spin the coin around the other side comes out upside down. Medal axis means it comes out the same way up.
1908 10 cent
1909 Victorian leaf 10 cent
10 cents struck earlier in 1909 have the same Victorian leaves used on earlier dates with subdued veins and some leaves slightly smaller than on the later Edwardian leaf type (also known as the Broad leaf). If you need to compare, all before 1908 have this Victorian leaf type.
1909 Edwardian leaf 10 cent
Later in 1909 the leaf design was changed to what is known as either the Edwardian leaf or the Broad lead design. The leaves were made slightly larger with more pronounced veins If you need to compare, all 1910 to 1912 10 cents are all this Edwardian (broad) leaf type.
1910 10 cent
1911 10 cent
George V coins were introduced in 1911 with "DEI GRATIA", Latin for "God's Grace", omitted from the obverse inscription. There was a public outrage against these "godless coins" and in 1912 "DEI GRATIA" again appeared on all Canadian coins.
1912 10 cent
In 1912 the "DEI GRATIA" again appears on the obverse inscription of all Canadian coins.
1913 Broad Leaf 10 cent
Early 1913 10 cent coins have the broad (Edwardian) leaf design introduced in 1909 but are a scarce variety this year as later in the year a new small leaf design was introduced.
1913 10 cent
A new small leaf design was introducted in 1913 with most 10 cents of this year struck with this type. The leaves were re-designed smaller, with less veining and a wider gap between the leaves and the rim and are similar to the older Victorian leaf design but not exactly. This new design was used until 1936.
1914 10 cent
1915 10 cent
1916 10 cent
1917 10 cent
1918 10 cent
1919 10 cent
While the designs did not change, in 1920 the alloy was reduced from 92.5% silver to 80% silver. The size and weight remain the same as the earlier issued.
1920 10 cent
1921 10 cent
No Canadian 10 cent coins were struck from 1922 to 1927 but this is the last gap as they have been struck continuously since 1928.
1928 10 cent
1929 10 cent
1930 10 cent
1931 10 cent
1932 10 cent
1933 10 cent
1934 10 cent
1935 10 cent
1936 10 cent
Some 1936 10 cents have a die break between wreath ties below the date, and are known as the "BAR" type. This die break started off very weak and grew stronger over time, but in order to considered the bar type, the die break must be strong and clear. Bar types in ICCS holders will not always have the variety designated on the holders.
1937 10 cent
1938 10 cent
1939 10 cent
1940 10 cent
Some 1940 10 cents are strongly doubled along the bottom of the "1" and nearly all of the "9" which I refer to as the re-engraved (or "RE") variety. The amount of doubling varies from coin to coin so sometimes I will simply describe how much is doubled.
1941 10 cent
Some 1941 10 cents are also strongly doubled of the bottom of the 1 and much of the 9, which I refer to as the re-engraved variety, which Hans Zoell included as his #R263b.
1942 10 cent
Although not listed in the CCN trend sheet, just as for some of the previous dates some 1942 10 cents have doubling on the 1 and 9 and are thus re-engraved date varieties.
1943 10 cent
1944 10 cent
1945 10 cent
1946 10 cent
1947 10 cent
Because India received its independence in 1947 "IND IMP" (India's Emperor) had to be removed from all British Commonwealth coins dated after 1947. The new designs were prepared in England and those for Canada were not ready until late in 1948. New coins were needed so for the first part of 1948 coins were struck dated 1947 with a small maple leaf after the date indicating minted in 1948.
1947 MAPLE LEAF 10 cent
1948 10 cent
1948 was the lowest mintage 10 cent of that era which until 1980 were considerably scarcer than other dates. The silver melt of 1980 saw large numbers of silver 10 cents destroyed but 1948's were saved so that by 1981 the relative rarity diminished and today they only slightly scarcer than the others.
1949 10 cent
1950 10 cent
1951 10 cent
Some 1951 10 cents have varying degrees of reverse doubling, from a single digit in the date to considerably doubling over the entire reverse. When there is considerable doubling these are known as the "double die" type. When there is lesser doubling I will describe what is doubled. As the degree of doubling varies from coin to coin, this probably results from a loose die bouncing slightly after each strike, rather than doubling on the die itself.
1952 10 cent
1953 NSS 10 cent
The early 1953 dies had the shoulder fold weakly cut so the shoulder fold was usual not present, although on some well struck examples you may see a trace of it. This made the Queen's shoulder appeared bare which many people thought to be inappropriate. Known as the No Shoulder Strap (NSS) or No Shoulder Fold (NSF) variety, the easiest way to determine these is by the strong serifs at the top and bottom of the I's in II and DEI on the obverse.
1953 SS 10 cent
Later in 1953 the dies were re-designed with a deeper shoulder fold which usually will be visible on the coin, although not on some weaker strikes. Known as the Shoulder Strap (SS) or Shoulder Fold (SF) variety, the easiest way to be certain of this variety is because the serifs at the top and bottom of the I's on the obverse are much smaller to the point the I's nearly appear straight. This is especially needed on more worn examples.
1954 10 cent
1955 10 cent
1956 10 cent
One 1956 die developed a small pit centered just below the 9 and 5 resulting in a small raised dot on the coins. The position of the dot makes it look intentional and these are collected as a recognized variety. Small dots occur below the date in a number of different places in 1956, but there is only one type recognized as the official dot variety, which is clearly illustrated in the Charlton Standard Catalogue of Canadian Coins.
1957 10 cent
1958 10 cent
1959 10 cent
1960 10 cent
1961 10 cent
1962 10 cent
1963 10 cent
1964 10 cent
1965 10 cent
1966 10 cent
1967 10 cent
In celebration of Canada's 100th anniversary of confederation, 1967 coins circulating coins depict animals common to Canada, with a mackerel on the dimes. For the first half of the year 1967 10 cent coins were struck to the 800 fine silver after which they were struck from 500 fine silver. There is no simple way to determine which purity a particular example was struck at as they look, feel and weigh exactly the same, although all examples in specimen and proof-like sets were struck at the 800 fine standard. 1967 coins were struck as Mint State, Proof-like and also in Specimen which were in the black boxed sets. Many of the specimen examples were toned by a reaction with the box's lid, and some of the toning can be a very attractive dark blue, although many examples have very unattractive toning.
Please note that up to 2011 when I describe a coin to be Proof-like (PL) I mean a coin from a mint set, intestinally struck to a higher quality than normal, but worth less than a MS (Mint State) coin from a bank roll in the same grade. They are fairly easily differentiated by their strike and luster. ICCS and some references call such coins NON-CIRCULATING NUMISMATIC MINT STATE which I feel will cause confusion in beginning collectors. Starting in 2012 the mint stopped making intentionally nicer coins for the standard sets and the coins are all simply MS (mint state) except for specimen and proof examples.
1968 SILVER 10 cent
1968 saw a return to the Bluenose design. For the first part of the year the coins were struck from 50% silver and 50% copper and are non-magnetic. No Proof-like silver examples were made. Later in the year they were pure nickel and will attract to a magnet.
During early 1968 the 10 cent coins were made of 50% silver, but later that year (and all following years until 1999 for circulation strikes and 1996 for proofs) they changed the alloy to pure nickel with no change in size or weight. They can easily be distinguished with a magnet as nickel ones attract and silver ones will not.
For most dates of nickel 10 cent coins I only list those from proof-like, specimen or proof sets, as circulation strikes from rolls are generally not of enough value to justify listing. There are a few exceptions which I will discuss among the listings.
There are no rare dates in this series, so if you don't see a particular date listed here, please do not assume it is rare, as it is more likely too common (thus low value) for us to list in a circulation strike, and for some reason I simply do not have one from a mint set to list at this time. I add this because I get a lot of e-mails from people asking why the date they have is not listed, and they assumed that means it is rare.
From 1968 to 1970, the only mint sets made for general distribution were Proof-like sets so generally we only offer these dates in Proof-like quality, unless exception MS coins are available.
1968 NICKEL 10 cent
Due to a large need for nickel 10 cents where changing over from silver to nickel in 1968, the Royal Canadian Mint lacked the capacity mint enough coins so contracted the Philadelphia mint to make the needed extra coins. Those struck at the RC mint in Ottawa have a distinct V between the edge reeds, while those from Philadelphia have more flat bottomed U. In practice these can be very difficult to tell a part, although all examples in Proof-like sets were mint at RC mint in Ottawa.
1969 SMALL DATE
1969 LARGE DATE
1969 10 cent
Over 55 million 10 cents were struck in 1969 nearly all of which have a rather small date where the top of the 6 and bottom of the 9 both end pointing straight across. There is a large date variety where the date and most of the reverse design are larger, and the top of the 6 and bottom of the 9 curls further around to point more downward. The images above were both to the same resolution so the relative sizes are shown accurately, and the difference in the curl is clear (even if the images are a little fuzzy). Less than 20 of the large date variety are currently known to exist.
1970 10 cent
Beginning in 1971, the mint begins striking three different striking qualities of coins, with a fourth added in 1981 :
Mint state (abbreviated MS) which are coins struck for issue through the banks and have average lustre and surface qualities. In most cases MS coins have little value unless in the highest range of the MS coins, which are seldom available.
Proof-like (abbreviated PL) are standard mint set coins, usually from the pliofilm packaged sets, red double penny sets, and later the blue book sets, and even later from a variety of other types of sets. PL coins have a much higher lustre than MS coins, mostly because they fresh new dies, and they also have very minimal marks (the average PL is a PL-64) as they did not go through as many mint handling processes as MS coins do, but they are not perfect coins and one should not expect them to be absolutely mark free.
Specimen (abbreviated SP or SPEC) were in the black leather double dollar sets from 1971 to 1980, and for later dates in various different sets. Like PL coins they are struck from dies in their freshest new die state but differ in being double struck to give them a higher lustre and sharper images. They do not go through any mint handling processes before going into the sets so are usually nearly mark free. The rims and edges tend to be a little sharper than on PL or MS coins, although this is not obvious on a casual inspection. When I list a coin as specimen, I personally took it from a specimen set.
Proof (abbreviated PR) coins are very nice coins double struck to given them perfect lustre with specially prepared dies that create mirror fields and frosted images (and ultra cameo effect). They were specially handled to go into the sets as close to perfect condition as possible. Starting in 1996 proof 10 cent coins were struck in silver, and will sometimes have some light toning, especially around the edges.
1971 10 cent
1972 10 cent
1973 10 cent
1974 10 cent
1975 10 cent
1976 10 cent
1977 10 cent
1978 10 cent
1979 10 cent
1980 10 cent
1980 10 cents come with narrow dates where the numerals narrower at the top and bottom, and wide dates where the numerals are about the same width all the way around. Narrow dates occur in circulation (MS), PL and Specimen quality, and are common in all three. The wide dates is see only in circulation (MS) strikes, are scarcer than narrow dates, and the listing for them with a price in Proof-like quality in the Canadian Coin News Trend sheet is in error.
1981 saw the introduction of proof sets to replace the double dollar specimen sets. The proof coins have frosted images against mirror fields and while specimen strikes continued to be struck, they were in other types of sets. Whether proof or specimen coins are easier to get as single coins, depends mostly in the value of the intact sets they come from. Generally after 2012 most proof sets are worth more intact than broken up so those coins are harder to get in proof.
1981 10 cent
1982 10 cent
1983 10 cent
1984 10 cent
1985 10 cent
1986 10 cent
1987 10 cent
1988 10 cent
1989 10 cent
1990 10 cent
1991 10 cent
1992 10 cent
1992 was Canada's 125th anniversary of confederation, and 10 cents of this year have the date shown as the double date 1867-1992 to either side of the Blue Nose.
1993 10 cent
1994 10 cent
1995 10 cent
From 1996 to 2011 all of the Proof strike ten cent coins are sterling (92.5%) silver at 2.4 grams. Proof-like, specimen and circulation strike coins continue to be either pure nickel at 2.07 grams, or in later dates nickel plated steel. The holders for proof sets are not sealed air tight, so air can get in and often causes the silver coins to develop a light golden brown toning, especially around the edges. This effect can be fairly attractive. Tone free (pure white) examples can be difficult to find for some dates. One should expect at least a little toning around the edges on these coins, which can be fairly attractive, but if you prefer white tone free examples please specify such on your order and I can usually accommodate such requests. Examples with heavier toning will be noted in the descriptions.
1996 10 cent
In 1996 Proof-like and specimen strikes have a reverse cameo effect where the backgrounds are matte while the designs are more mirror finish, unlike previous sets which were mirror finish on all surfaces. The proof-likes and specimens can be very difficult to tell a part but specimens have very slightly crisper designs and slightly better formed rims due to having been double struck, but these difference is minor.
1997 10 cent
In 1997 the normal Bluenose 10 cents were struck for circulation. While proof-like sets were struck earlier in the year at Ottawa and later at Winnipeg, the coins from the two mints are identical s one removed form the sets cannot be differentiated. The only way to be certain of the mint is to buy intact mint sets.
1997 saw proof sterling silver 10 cent's commemorating the 500th anniversary of John (Giovanni) Cabot's discovery of North America in 1497. Columbus only discovered the Caribbean Islands and central America, but not North America in 1492), although the Vikings were here long before either of them.
1998 10 cent
In 1998 proof-like sets were minted at Winnipeg for the first part of the year, and those coins have a W mint mark to the lower right of the Queen's head. No circulation strikes were struck with this mark. Sets were minted at Ottawa later in the year, and those coins do not have the W or any other mint mark. In my experience the Ottawa examples in Proof-like are more difficult to find than the Winnipeg examples. All circulation (MS), specimen and proof coins were without at Ottawa mint mark. The finish on 1998 proof-like coins returns to high luster finish, while specimen coins retain the slightly matte finish fields with high lustre designs that first appeared in 1996.
Also for 1998, to celebrate the 90th anniversary of the Royal Canadian Mint, a series of coins were struck in a style similar to the original 1908 coinage, but with a bust of Elizabeth II in place of Edward's on the obverse. These were struck from silver and only issued in specimen sets, available with either a proof or artificially toned matte surface.
1908-1998 COMMEMORATIVE 10 cent
1999 10 cent
All 1999 10 cents were struck at Ottawa without a mint mark, with specimen and proof-like examples easy to differentiate by the different finishes that are the same as those in 1998. I am not sure why but most of the times that I find in 1999 Proof sets do not have the peripheral toning common to other dates.
1999 P TEST 10 cent
In 1999, as a cost saving measure, the Canadian Mint made plans to strike 1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 cent coins on nickel plated steel blanks which were first nickel plated, then copper plated and then for all denominations other than the 1 cent, nickel plated again. A P was placed below the Queen's portrait to indicate a plated steel blank. First struck only as test tokens for vending machine companies for calibrate purposes, those companies were supposed to return them to the mint. Some ended up on the market at very high prices so the mint got in on the action selling 20,000 sets to collectors at much lower prices.
Packaged like Proof-like sets their exact status is unclear and I prefer to call them Proof-likes, but others including ICCS call them Mint State. A mintage of only 20,000 means they are nearly as scarce as 1948 dollars. The vinyl packaging leaves a light film on them that can be removed with rubbing alcohol.
2000 10 cent
In 2000 the circulation (MS), specimen and proof sets were all struck at Ottawa without mint mark while proof-like sets were made both at Ottawa without mint mark and Winnipeg with s "W" mint mark. They were all supposed to be struck in pure nickel, but a very small number experimental plated steel cored 10 cents with the P were made but never intended to be issued. Somewhere between 300 and 500 later turned up with most still in mint condition.
A special issued of 2000 10 cents commemorate the 100th anniversary of the opening of the Caisse Populaire de Levis in Quebec, the first Credit Union in North America. These were all issued as sterling silver proofs.
Starting in 2001 all 10 cent coins other than solid silver proof examples are minted in steel core plated blanks. From 2001 to part way through 2006 they have the P for plated below the Queen's portrait but later in 2006 and all dates after that the P was replaced by the mint logo. The Canadian Coin News trend sheet lists inexpensive prices for 2001 non-P circulation strikes while the Charlton Standard Catalogue does not list them at all. I believe the CCN listing is in error.
2001 10 cent
Two designs were issued for circulation in 2001, the standard bluenose and a one commemorating Canadian Volunteer workers. The bluenose design occurs in circulation MS, proof-like, specimen and silver proof. The volunteer design occurs in circulation MS, silver proof and while the standard references do not list it in proof-like (Non-Circulating MS) some that come in special souvenir cards have to be either proof-like or MS-65 to MS-66. As in that packaging there were never intended for circulation and they have the characteristics of a Proof-like coin, so I listed them as Proof-likes as they should not be confused with genuine MS-65 or MS-66 examples from mint rolls at much higher prices. Volunteer dimes are supposed to be on the same blanks as the bluenose 10 cents, but something is different as many vending machines reject them. I have not yet determined what is different.
2002 10 cent
For the 50th anniversary of the Queen's accession 10 cents (and most other Canadian coins) of 2002 are double dated with 1952 above 2002 below the Queen's portrait a little to the left. No date appears on the reverse and I get phone calls from people claiming to have a dime without not date, as they have never noticed the date on the other side.
2003 was an interesting year for Canadian coins, with a number of varieties including the introduction of a new effigy of the Queen without a crown.
2003 10 CENT Old Effigy
Coins struck earlier in 2003 have the crowned effigy of the Queen first introduced in 1990 and are found both with a P below the Queen's bust on plated steel or without the P on solid silver blanks from proof sets. Most proof-like and all specimen and normal proof sets in 2003 are of this bust type.
2003 10 CENT New Effigy
Later in 2003 the Queen's bust was redesigned without a crown. Timed to celebrate the 50th anniversary of her coronation, the new effigy Coronation Portrait was introduced showing her without a crown but as it became the standard portrait for later years it is commonly known as the New Effigy. All New Effigy examples are on plated steel with the P. Those with just the P are only found from bank rolls for circulation with some Proof-like sets struck at Winnipeg found with WP to designate the Winnipeg mint, the only time the W and P appear on coins at the same time.
2004 and all later dates use the new effigy portrait and are struck on plated steel blanks other than the solid silver proof examples. As in previous few years, Proof-like coins have an over all even lustre while specimen examples have high lustre designs with matte back grounds. A special commemorate 10 cent, only sold as a collectable by the mint, commemorated 100th anniversary of open championship golf in Canada, and is somewhat difficult to find.
2004 10 cent
2005 10 cent
2006 10 cent
All 2006 10 cents, other than silver proofs are on plated blanks. Those struck earlier in the year have the P for plated but later in the year the P was replace by the stylized maple leaf mint logo. The mint logo does not indicated plated as in later years it also occurs on silver proofs. 2006 MS and PL 10 cents are found with either the P or logo. Specimen and proof strikes were struck only early in the year so all specimen examples have the P and silver proof examples are without either the logo or P.
Starting in 2007, all Canada 10 cent coins in all striking qualities including the solid silver proof examples, have the stylized maple leaf mint logo below the Queen's bust, so there is no need to mention the logo in descriptions.
2007 10 cent
All circulation (MS) strikes and silver proof 2007 dimes have a straight 7. The Proof-like sets in the black envelopes can have either straight or curved 7's, while the sets with the Olympic quarters have the curved 7. All examples in specimen sets are curved 7. This makes the curved 7's much scarcer and while they are priced the same in the standard referenced, that makes no sense to me and I do price the curved 7's slightly higher.
2008 10 cent
2009 10 cent
2010 10 CENT
In 2011 the mint stopped striking superior quality coins for Proof-like (standard) mint sets, rather using normal MS coins that had not gone through all of the mint handling processes rolled coins go through in which the average quality also improved so that most coins from Mint rolls are MS-63 or better. There is no way to differentiate between MS coins from bank rolls and coins from standard mint sets once they have been removed from the roll or set so there is no longer a reason to MS-64 or higher coins from bank rolls higher than those from mint sets.
When available I will price the standard 10 cent types 2011 or newer in MS-63 @ $0.50, MS-64 @ $1.00, MS-65 @ $ 1.50. Specimen examples are still produced with the distinctive mirror designs against frosted backgrounds and are both scarcer and worth more.
At this point examples 2011 and newer are difficult to get in all striking qualities. The mint rolls seldom come in, and most of the mint sets are worth far more intact than cut up, so I seldom do so.
2011 10 CENT
To commemorate the 1911 Godless coins a set of sterling silver Proof commemorative's was struck in 2011 which show the date as 1911-2011, and depict the bust and inscriptions of George V as they were in the 1911 coins.
Starting in 2012 the mint began striking proof sets where all of the coins other than the loon dollars are silver, and sets where only the silver dollar is silver and all of the other coins are base metal. Thus 2012 and newer 10 cents can be either but look identical so the only way to tell them a part is with a magnet.
2012 10 CENT
2013 10 CENT
2013 10 CENT
2015 10 CENT
2016 10 CENT
2017 10 CENT
Canada's 150'th anniversary as a country was celebrated in 2017, and both regular coins and special anniversary coins were issued that year. On the 10 cent the regular bluenose type is the most common, issued in nearly 200 million in both bank rolls and some mint sets. The commemorative issue was called the Wings of Peace although it actually depicts a stylized maple leaf, with about 20 million issued in both bank rolls and mint sets.
2018 10 CENT
Please note that up to 2010 I describe coins as Proof-like (PL) if they come from a mint set. PL coins are easily differentiated by their superior strike and luster, with only very minor bag marks and while nicer than MS coins from bank rolls they are easier to find in high grades and usually worth less. ICCS and some references refer to these as NON-CIRCULATING NUMISMATIC MINT STATE which I find confusing which is why I to call them Proof-like. In 2011 the mint started putting standard Mint State coins in the normal mint sets, although these bypassed some of the mint handling procedures so these coins will usually be MS-64 and MS-65. This makes those grades more common than for earlier dates. Specimen and proof sets still use specially struck coins with distinctive finishes.
© 1997-2021 R & T Enterprises Ltd.