Lion, Persia Calgary Coin Gallery
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ANCIENT GREEK COINS

Persia and India

Ancient Persian Imperial coinage, and coins of Ancient India.

*Click on images to see larger images.*

(Reference: R. Whitting & R. Williams and Mitchiner - Ancient and Classical World.)

Royal Persian Coinage. ca. 450 to 330 BC. Rare type with Lion's scalp on reverse die.
Royal Persian Coinage. ca. 450 to 330 BC.
Rare type with Lion's scalp on reverse die.


Denomination: Silver siglos.
Date: This type is though to have been issued between 420 and 375 BC. 
Reference: BMC Arabia #122.
Size: 13.5 x 14.8 mm. Weight: 5.85 grams.
Grade: VF
Obverse: Persian King running right holding a bow in front and a dagger behind.  
Reverse: Incuse irregular punch WITH A SMALL LION'S SCALP (OR PAW) which was engraved into the die. 

Examples with designs engraved into the reverse die are very scarce.

SOLD


Order # 2015

India. Kushan. Kipanada. Gold stater. ca. 330 to 360 AD.
India. Kushan. Kipanada.
Gold stater. ca. 330 to 360 AD.


Denomination: Gold stater.
Size: 18.4 x 19.7 mm.  Weight: 7.61 grams.
Reference: Mitchiner Ancient - 3581 to 3583
Grade: VF, with a slighty pale gold appearance.
Obverse: King standing forward, holding a trident, with one hand over a small altar in the lower left.
Reverse: The goddess Ardoksho enthroned forward.

SOLD


Order # 4445

Royal Persian Coinage. ca. 450 to 330 BC. Silver Siglos.
Royal Persian Coinage. ca. 450 to 330 BC.
Silver Siglos.


Denomination: Silver siglos.
Date: 450 to 330 BC.
Reference: Sear Greek - 4682
Size: 13.1 x 15.8 mm. Weight: 5.46 grams.
Grade: aVF, with a fairly good strike, one small banker's mark on the reverse.
Obverse: Persian king running right holding a bow in front and a spear over his shoulder.
Reverse: Incuse rectangular punch.

SOLD


Order # 3341

Indo-Skythian. Spalohores with Spalagadames
Indo-Skythian. Spalohores with Spalagadames


This coin was stuck with Spalohores as heir apparent to Spalagadames in about 75 to 76 BC.
Denomination: Bronze hemiobol.
Mint: Kandahar.
Size: 21.8 x 22.5 mm square.  Weight: 8.29 grams.
Reference Mitchiner Ancient - 2165. Senior-69.2.
Grade: gVF with a medium to dark brown patination, and good surfaces. A nice example of this type on a large flan with nearly full inscriptions.
Obverse: The king mounted on a horse walking right, with CPALYPIOC DIKAIOY ADELFOY TOY BASILEWS around (all but a few letters are clear).
Reverse: Hercules seated on rocks, holding club and lion's skin, with a Karosthi inscription around naming Spalagadames, with the mint mark for Kanadaha by his knee.


SOLD


Order # 3049

(Reference: R. Whitting & R. Williams and Mitchiner - Ancient and Classical World.)



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ancient moneyerCalgary Coin

LYDIA UNDER PERSIAN RULE

(Reference: Sellwood - An Introduction to Sasanian Coins by D. Sellwood; R. Whitting & R. Williams and Mitchiner - Ancient and Classical World.)

While most books on ancient coins include the Persians under the heading of Greek, I believe you would have met a very unfortunate end if you ever stood before a Persian King and called him a Greek. The Persians were one of the most important enemies of the Greeks. While the issues of this series are sometimes referred to as Lydian, only the earliest issues are Lydia proper, with later issues probably struck for the expanding Persian Empire.


BACTRIA (or Indo-Greek)

Alexander the Great's invasion of India established Hellenistic culture in the region. For some time following Alexander's death, his Indian territories remained under Greek control as the Baktro-Sogdiana province of the Seleucid Empire, but in about 256 BC Diodotos declared his independence as the first King of Bactria.

After 256 BC the Bactrian Kingdom was quite powerful with a strong Hellenistic influence, even extending its borders into other neighboring Indian Kingdoms. In 130 BC much Bactrian power and territory were lost to invading Scythians and over the next 100 years Bactrian power waned, as the Hellenistic culture was gradually absorbed back into the local Indian cultures.


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